Rottweiler Breed Standard

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function. Absolute soundness is essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be careful to avoid obvious conditions or exaggerations which would be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed. From time to time certain conditions or exaggerations may be considered to have the potential to affect dogs in some breeds adversely and judges and breeders are requested to refer to the Kennel Club website for details of any such current issues. If a feature or quality is desirable it should only be present in the right measure.


Reproduced with kind permission of the Kennel Club.​

General Appearance: Above average size, stalwart dog. Correctly proportioned, compact and powerful form, permitting great strength, manoeuvrability and endurance.

Characteristics: Appearance displays boldness and courage. Self-assured and fearless. Calm gaze should indicate good humour.

​Temperament:  Good natured, not nervous, aggressive or vicious, courageous, biddable, with guarding instincts.

Head and Skull:  Head medium length, skull broad between ears. Forehead moderately arched as seen from side. Occipital bone well developed but not conspicuous. Cheeks well boned and muscled but not prominent. Skin on head not loose. although it may form a moderate wrinkle when attentive. Muzzle fairly deep with topline level and length of muzzle in relation to distance from well defined stop to occiput to be as 2 to 3. Nose well developed with proportionately large nostrils, always black.

​Eyes:  Medium size, almond shaped, dark brown in colour, light eye undesirable, eyelids close fitting.

Ears:  Pendant, small in proportion rather than large, set high and wide apart, lying flat and close to cheek.

​Mouth:  Teeth strong, complete dentition with scissor bite ie upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Flews black and firm, falling gradually away towards corners of mouth, which do not protrude excessively.

​Neck:  Of fair length, strong, round and very muscular. Slightly arched, free from throatiness.

Forequarters:  Shoulders well laid back, long and sloping, elbows well let down but not loose. Legs straight, muscular, with plenty of bone and substance. Pasterns sloping slightly forward. 

​Body:  Chest roomy, broad and deep with well sprung rib. Depth of brisket will not be more ad not much less than 50 per cent of shoulder height. Back straight, strong and not too long, ratio of shoulder height to length of body should be as 9 is 10, loins short , strong and deep, flanks not tucked up. Croup of proportionate length and broad, very slightly sloping.

​Hindquarters:  Upper thigh not too short, broad and strongly muscled. Lower thigh well muscled at top, strong and sinewy below. Stifles fairly well bent. Hocks well angulated without exaggeration, metatarsals not completely vertical. Strength and soundness of hock highly desirable.

​Feet: Strong, round and compact with toes well arched. Hind feet somewhat longer than front. Pads very hard, toenails short dark and strong.

​Tail:  Previously customarily docked.

​Docked:  Docked at first joint. Strong and not set too low. Normally carried horizontally but slightly above horizontal when dog is alert.

Undocked:  Strong and not set too low. Normally carried horizontally but slightly above horizontal when dog is alert. May hang when dog is at rest.

Gait/Movement:  Conveys an impression of supple strength, endurance and purpose. While back remains firm and stable there is powerful hind thrust and good stride. First and foremost movement should be harmonious, positive and unrestricted.

​Coat:  Consists of top coat and undercoat. Top coat is of medium length, course and flat. Undercoat essential on the neck and thighs should not show through top coat. Hair may be a little longer on the back of the forelegs and breechings. Long or excessively wavy coat highly undesirable.

​Colour:  Black with clearly defined markings as follows: A spot over each eye, on cheeks, as a strip around each side of muzzle but not on bridge of nose, on throat, two clear triangles on either side of the breast bone, on forelegs form carpus downwards to toes, on inside of rear legs from hocks to toes but not completely eliminating black from back legs, under tail. Colour of markings from rich tan to mahogany and should not exceed 10 per cent of the body colour. White marking is highly undesirable. Black pencil markings on toes are desirable. Undercoat is grey, fawn or black.

​Size:  Dogs height at shoulder: between 63-69cms (25-27ins) Bitches between 58-64cms (23-25ins) Height should always be considered in relation to general appearance.

​Faults: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.           

​Note:  Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.


Last updated January 2009





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